Romney, West Virginia is situated in the fertile valley of the South Branch of the Potomac River. In 1762, Romney was incorporated as the Hampshire County seat.
During the Civil War Virginia was divided, and Hampshire County became part of the new state of West Virginia. The county had strong southern ties- Stonewall Jackson had an early campaign in Northern Hampshire County to cut a vital transportation link. Because of this strategic location there were many troop movements through the area. Romney is said to have changed hands 56 times during the war. After the Civil War on Sept. 26, 1867 local citizens dedicated what was perhaps the first Confederate Memorial in the United States. It still stands today in Indian Mound Cemetery in Romney.
Natural beauty has played a large role in the developing recreational opportunities in Romney. The Trough, is where the South Branch River is squeezed into a narrow canyon. It is one of the best locations for spotting bald eagles. Also the Potomac Eagle, a scenic railroad runs through the Trough so tourists may view the majestic scenery.